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declension

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Inflection types

Numerus

Proposal 1
Proposal 2
  • two numeri: singular and plural
  • two possible ways of forming plurals
  • monosyllabic regular nouns and polysyllabic regular ones ending on s, sch or z
    • get the the ending -e for forming the plural
    • long vowels at the end of the stem become short
    • single consonants at the end of the stem become double ones
  • all other regular nouns get the the ending -s for forming the plural
  • some plurals are formed irregularly
  • references: roe04:14
Proposal 3
  • two numeri: singular and plural
  • two possible ways of forming plurals
  • method of pluralisation is determined by the stress pattern
  • nouns that end in a stressed syllable (includes all single-syllable nouns) take the suffix -e (par06) / -en (par11)
  • multi-syllable nouns that end in an unstressed syllable take the suffix -s
  • references: par06:5, par11:13
Proposal 4
  • two numeri: singular and plural
  • plural is formed by adding the suffix -ar
  • references: cha07
Proposal 5
  • two numeri: singular and plural
  • plural is formed by adding the suffix -e
  • for roots ending with open vowels (e.g. A, cf. section below), an option is to interfix a bridging H, i.e. -he
Proposal 6
  • two numeri: singular and plural
  • plural is formed by adding the suffix -er
  • confusion with comparative adjectives can be avoided if roots are categorised
Words ending in "a"

It will have to be decided how to pluralise words that end with the letter A, assuming such words exist. If -s is the suffix, then it will just be -as; if -en, then -an or -en or -aen (pron. ajn?); if -ar, then -ar or -aar; and if -e, then -e or -ae (pron. aj?).

If the A-word is a foreign word, it could retain its native plural form - likewise with other foreign words - but this is almost a different topic.

Kasus

Remark: This section pertains to the nouns; the personal pronouns will probably have a different declension, with a nominative/oblique distinction being the strongest candidate.

Proposal 1
  • two kasūs: nominative and genitive
  • genitive is obtained by appending the affix -s to the nominativ-form, where the affix for the plural comes first
  • (in case the nominative already ends with an s, an apostrophe is used instead)
  • references: wor02:1, par06:6, goe09:13
Proposal 2
  • two kasūs: nominative and genitive
  • genitive is created by appending -s to the stem or -'s if the stem ends with and s, z or x
  • it can also be created by using the preposition von
  • references: sko03:3
Proposal 3
  • two kasūs: nominative and genitive
  • genitive is created by appending -s to the stem (or -'s if the stem ends with a long stressed vowel in roe04)
  • it can/must also be created by using af (of/from)
  • references: roe04:14-15, par11:14
Proposal 4
  • two kasūs: nominative and genitive
  • genitive is created by appending -s to the stem or -es if the stem ends with and s
  • references: cha07

Genus

(couldn't find any proposed grammar which uses genera so far)

declension.txt · Last modified: 2016/06/03 19:34 by ob