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guidelines_for_word_formation [2014/02/13 17:00]
fenris created
guidelines_for_word_formation [2016/05/26 21:05]
fenris
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-=== Proto-Germanic to Folksprak ===+==== Proto-Germanic to Folksprak ​====
 ^ [pg]-gramm ^ [fs]-gramm ^ remarks/​examples ^ ^ [pg]-gramm ^ [fs]-gramm ^ remarks/​examples ^
 | //*b// | **b** [b] at the beginning of a syllable | //*baunō// > **boen** [bøːn], //​*brōþēr//​ > **broder** [ˈbroːdər] | | //*b// | **b** [b] at the beginning of a syllable | //*baunō// > **boen** [bøːn], //​*brōþēr//​ > **broder** [ˈbroːdər] |
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 | //*a//, //*e//, //*i//, //*o//, //*u// etc. in unstressed syllables generalize to **e** [ə] or are lost altogether | Whether to drop an unstressed vowel or retain it is generally determined by what has occurred in the majority of the source languages | //​*ga-nōga//​ > **genog** [gəˈnoːg],​ //*augōn// > **oege** [ˈøːgə] //​*haƀukaz//​ > **havek** [ˈhaːvək],​ //*hōraz// > **hor** [hoːr] | | //*a//, //*e//, //*i//, //*o//, //*u// etc. in unstressed syllables generalize to **e** [ə] or are lost altogether | Whether to drop an unstressed vowel or retain it is generally determined by what has occurred in the majority of the source languages | //​*ga-nōga//​ > **genog** [gəˈnoːg],​ //*augōn// > **oege** [ˈøːgə] //​*haƀukaz//​ > **havek** [ˈhaːvək],​ //*hōraz// > **hor** [hoːr] |
  
-=== Latin, Græco-Latin,​ Romance and French to Folksprak ===+==== Latin, Græco-Latin,​ Romance and French to Folksprak ​====
  
 Guidelines for bringing Romance internationalisms into Folksprak. Guidelines for bringing Romance internationalisms into Folksprak.
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 | //*-ar//, //-*er//, //-*-ir// (from Latin -are and other Romance verb infinitive suffixes) | **-aer-** [-ˈɛːr-] | //diriger// > **dirigaere** [dɪrɪˈgɛːrə],​ //​nivellar//​ > **nivellaere** [nɪvɛˈlɛːrə] | | //*-ar//, //-*er//, //-*-ir// (from Latin -are and other Romance verb infinitive suffixes) | **-aer-** [-ˈɛːr-] | //diriger// > **dirigaere** [dɪrɪˈgɛːrə],​ //​nivellar//​ > **nivellaere** [nɪvɛˈlɛːrə] |
  
-=== German to Folksprak ===+==== German to Folksprak ​====
  
 ^ [de]-gramm ^ [fs]-gramm ^ examples | ^ [de]-gramm ^ [fs]-gramm ^ examples |
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 | //f// (not as first letter) | **p** | //auf// > **up**, //helfen// > **helpe** | | //f// (not as first letter) | **p** | //auf// > **up**, //helfen// > **helpe** |
  
-=== English to Folksprak ===+==== English to Folksprak ​====
  
 Since modern English has a very unphonetical orthography (due to various reasons), the following transitions are not as "​typical"​ as they are for "​German to Folksprak"​ or "​Bokmål to Folksprak"​. They are rather considered as //​possible//​ transitions. Since modern English has a very unphonetical orthography (due to various reasons), the following transitions are not as "​typical"​ as they are for "​German to Folksprak"​ or "​Bokmål to Folksprak"​. They are rather considered as //​possible//​ transitions.
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 | //sh// | **sk** or sometimes **s** | //fish// > **fisk**, //shoe// > **sku**, //shall// > **skal** | | //sh// | **sk** or sometimes **s** | //fish// > **fisk**, //shoe// > **sku**, //shall// > **skal** |
  
-=== Norwegian (Bokmål) to Folksprak ===+==== Norwegian (Bokmål) to Folksprak ​====
  
 ^ [nb]-gramm ^ [fs]-gramm ^ examples ^ ^ [nb]-gramm ^ [fs]-gramm ^ examples ^
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 | //æ// | **e** | //å lære// > **lere** | | //æ// | **e** | //å lære// > **lere** |
  
-=== General guidelines ===+==== General guidelines ​====
  
 Words should be: Words should be:
-  - As internationally recognisable (within the Germanic world) and/or frequent as possible. +  - As internationally recognisable (within the Germanic world) and/or frequent as possible 
-  - Not confusable with other words. +  - Not confusable with other words 
-  - Ideally, not false friends. +  - Ideally, not false friends 
-  - Structurally simple.+  - Structurally simple 
guidelines_for_word_formation.txt · Last modified: 2017/12/17 13:55 by fenris