numbers

- 1-12
- 1:
**ën** - 2:
**two** - 3:
**tri** - 4:
**fier** - 5:
**femf** - 6:
**six** - 7:
**seven** - 8:
**acht** - 9:
**nien** - 10:
**tën** - 11:
**elv** - 12:
**tvielf**

- 13-19
- formed by adding the suffix
**-tëen**to the numbers 3 to 9: - compare this to the english suffix
*-teen*

- multiples of 10
- formed by adding the suffix
**-tig**to the name of the first digit - compare this to the english suffix
*-ty*

- powers of 10
- 100:
**hundred** - 1000:
**tusend**

- references: sch12

- 0-10
- 0:
**nul** - 1:
**en** - 2:
**tve** - 3:
**tri** - 4:
**fir** - 5:
**fem** - 6:
**seks** - 7:
**siv** - 8:
**akt** - 9:
**nin** - 10:
**ten**

- powers of 10
- 100:
**hundred** - 1000:
**tusend**

- all other numbers
- formed by sticking the numbers together according to the decimal system with the numbers from 2 to 9 as factors
- for example 8192:
**akttusend-(en)hundred-ninten-tve**

- for the numbers 11-19 this system differs from most systems used in the Germanic languages, which makes it a little bit harder to comprehend for Germanic speakers without ever having seen it, but it also widens the distance between the names of the number-pairs “10+x/10·x” (13/30, 14/40, …), which is ofter quite small in the systems of the Germanic languages; e.g. the English words
*fourteen*and*fourty*are quite susceptical to get confused - references: fen13

- 0-10
- 0:
**nul** - 1:
**en** - 2:
**tvo** - 3:
**tri** - 4:
**fir** - 5:
**fiv** - 6:
**seks** - 7:
**siven** - 8:
**akt** - 9:
**neen** - 10:
**ten**

- powers of 10
- 100:
**hundred** - 1000:
**tusen** - 1000000:
**miljon**

- references: cha07

The “backbone” of the ordinal suffix will be **T** and/or **D**, and the options are, in terms of T: **-te** (Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian); **-ta** (Icelandic, Swedish); **-t** (English); and **-ti** (Icelandic). The other question is whether ordinal numbers will have the singular/plural distinction or be invariant (like genitives). Also, one can see that morphologically, there's a similarity between ordinals and preterites, but happily there is no danger of conflict because numbers don't act as verbs.

numbers.txt · Last modified: 2019/09/17 17:24 by ob